EQ: Would legalizing the death penalty lead to a decrease in criminal activity? (Alyssa-TOPIC 2)

EQ: Would legalizing the death penalty lead to a decrease in criminal activity?
BACKGROUND: The death penalty dates back all the way to the 1700s B.C where it was originally proposed by the Code of Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi was an ancient Babylonian document that listed 25 crimes punishable by death. In 1775, all 13 US colonies enforced the death penalty law. Beginning around 1833 was when the death penalty began to be seen as unjust and cruel and it was in 1852 that Rhode Island banned the use of the death penalty for all crimes. Throughout the rest of the years, the death penalty was overviewed by Constitutionalists and Abolitionists who argued over whether it be preserved or abolished. Today, Virginia, Oklahoma, Alabama, Ohio, and Texas are the five states that use the death penalty the most.
CLAIM: I personally feel as if the death penalty should be enforced in every state under strict rules. Many believe that the threat of imprisonment alone will deter criminal activity. Yet, were the death penalty to be appealed, such criminals might think twice of an act they are considering to do if they value their lives. The Earth is becoming gradually overpopulated and many people are resorting to crime. With the death penalty, people who have done wrong in the world will be removed and also send out a message that crime is wrong and will cost you your life if you succumb to such a path.
SUPPORT: “The recent studies using panel data techniques have confirmed what we learned decades ago: Capital punishment does, in fact, save lives… Over the years, several studies have demonstrated a link between executions and decreases in murder rates. In fact, studies done in recent years, using sophisticated panel data methods, consistently demonstrate a strong link between executions and reduced murder incidents. Using a panel data set of over 3,000 counties from 1977 to 1996, Professors Hashem Dezhbakhsh [and] Shepherd of Emory University found that each execution, on average, results in 18 fewer murders (268KB)…” [stated by David B. Muhlhausen]



Filed under Controversial Issue #2

5 responses to “EQ: Would legalizing the death penalty lead to a decrease in criminal activity? (Alyssa-TOPIC 2)

  1. Toris Sherwood

    I agree with your claim, but to some people this would seem immoral and could cause many riots, strikes, and much more.

  2. Matt Nichols

    I would have to disagree with your claim. The death penalty has been abolished in most states due to multiple reasons. Executions cost more than life in prison does. Life in prison for four people equals one-fourth the price to kill only one person through execution. Another reason is that the wrong person may be convicted for the crime. An innocent person sent to death cannot be brough back to life, but can be taken out of a life-sentence in prison. Also, the crime rate won’t go down. If people don’t get it through their head that commiting crimes that sentence you to prison for the rest of your life is something to take second-thoughts on before doing, then killing them won’t make any difference. Also, killing is wrong. Just because somebody commits a crime that is in no doubt terrible, they never deserve to be murdered over it. Adding to that, if the police kills people, that can promote others that killing is acceptable since the law is doing it. Life in prison would keep crime rates lower than if there was a death penalty. Friends or family members of the one murdered would get their revenge, but if they’re in prison for life, nobody else would hold a grudge over the police force since they did not kill him/her. Most of all, the death penalty violates the international human rights law. So, the death penalty would also be commiting a crime, which adds to the list of crimes, rather than bring the crime rates down. All humans have their right to live, murder is not an option. (“Reasons to be Against the Death Penalty.” AntiDeathPenalty.org n.pag. Web. 19 Feb 2013.) http://www.antideathpenalty.org/reasons.html

  3. Kenneth Nevarez

    I agree with your claim, the death penalty does deter crime and should be used everywhere when the crime calls for it. Here is some proof George E. Pataki, JD, 53rd. Governor of New York State, in an Aug. 30, 1996 press release titled “Statement on Anniversary of Death Penalty by Governor Pataki,” stated:”New Yorkers live in safer communities today because we are finally creating a climate that protects our citizens and causes criminals to fear arrest, prosecution and punishment. …This has occurred in part because of the strong signal that the death penalty sent to violent criminals and murderers: we won’t excuse criminals, we will punish them… I sponsored the death penalty laws because of my firm conviction that it would act as a significant deterrent and provide a true measure of justice to murder victims and their loved ones… I have every confidence that it will continue to deter murders, will continue to enhance public safety and will be enforced fairly and justly.”

  4. reginaldnae wingfield

    I disagree with your claim, because many criminals are already risk their lives by committing crimes, so why would they be scared of lethal injection, what happens if we accident executed the wrong person. A lethal injection is normally a combination of three drugs: First, sodium thiopental as anesthesia; second, pancuronium bromide as paralyzer; and third, potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest. 16 states use lethal injection as the sole method of execution. On Jan. 21, 2011, the sole US maker of sodium thiopental announced it would stop manufacturing the drug. “Death Penalty.” Did You Know? – Death Penalty – ProCon.org. N.p., 9 Jan. 2011. Web. 21 Feb. 2013.

  5. Caoimhe

    I disagree as well, the death penalty should be enforced however, I don’t believe that the Earth is being seriously overpopulated as humans only occupy 1% of the land on earth. With regards to the death penalty lowering crimes, this could easily just make a society with more or equal criminals who are simply more skilled. One must also question the type of crimes per state that would justify the death penalty.

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